Lago Caddo, Texas - Louisiana, EEUU, 2013

11 votes
Taken the 17/06/13
Lago Caddo, Texas - Louisiana, EEUU, 2013
https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.10200660063956745.1073742041.1014978408&;type=1&l=3c5596498e

Geo localización:
Desde Google Maps: http://goo.gl/maps/nWawc

Sexagesimal: 2° 42′ 30.24″ N, 93° 55′ 2.64″ W / Decimal: 32.7084,-93.9174

Lago Caddo (http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lago_Caddo) Il Lago Caddo (in inglese: Caddo Lake, in francese: Lac Caddo) è un lago degli Stati Uniti d'America di 103 km², situato nelle zone umide sul confine tra gli Stati di Texas e Louisiana, nel nord della Contea di Harrison e nel sud della Contea di Marion nel Texas occidentale, e nella Parrocchia di Caddo in Louisiana.

Il lago è così chiamato in relazione al popolo nativo americano Caddo o Caddoans, che visse in questa regione dal XVI secolo fino alla sua espulsione nel XIX secolo. Quella del lago Caddo è una zona umida protetta internazionalmente nell'ambito della Convenzione di Ramsar.

Lago Caddo (http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lago_Caddo) Lago Caddo (Inglés: Lago Caddo, en francés: Lago Caddo) es un lago en los Estados Unidos de América de 103 kilómetros cuadrados, que se encuentra en los humedales en la frontera entre los estados de Texas y Louisiana, en el norte del Condado de Harrison y el sur del Condado de Marion, en el oeste de Texas y en Louisiana Caddo Parish.

El lago se llama así en relación con los pueblos originarios Caddoans o Caddo americanos que vivían en esta región desde el siglo XVI hasta su expulsión en el siglo XIX. La del Lago Caddo es un humedal protegido internacionalmente bajo la Convención de Ramsar.

Caddo Lake (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caddo_Lake) Caddo Lake (French: Lac Caddo) is a 25,400 acres (10,300 ha) lake and wetland located on the border between Texas and Louisiana, in northern Harrison County and southern Marion County in Texas and western Caddo Parish in Louisiana. The lake is named after the Southeastern culture of Native Americans called Caddoans or Caddo, who lived in the area until their expulsion in the 19th century. It is an internationally protected wetland under the RAMSAR treaty and features the largest Cypress forest in the world. Caddo is one of Texas' few non-oxbow natural lakes and is the 2nd largest in the South; however, it was artificially altered by the addition of a dam in the 1900s.

Caddo Lake (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caddo_Lake) Lago Caddo (francés: Lac Caddo) es un 25,400 acres (10,300 ha) de lagos y humedales en la frontera entre Texas y Louisiana, en el norte del Condado de Harrison y sur del Condado de Marion en Texas y Parroquia Caddo occidental en Louisiana. El lago debe su nombre a la cultura de los nativos americanos del sudeste llamado Caddoans o Caddo, que vivían en la zona hasta su expulsión en el siglo 19. Se trata de un humedal internacionalmente protegida en virtud del tratado RAMSAR y cuenta con el bosque más grande de Cypress en el mundo. Caddo es uno de los pocos lagos naturales no cochas de Texas y es la segunda más grande en el Sur, sin embargo, se alteró artificialmente mediante la adición de una presa en la década de 1900 .

Sessagesimali; 2° 42′ 30.24″ N, 93° 55′ 2.64″ W / Decimali: 32.7084,-93.9174

The first "over water" oil well (http://www.texasescapes.com/AllThingsHistorical/First-Over-Water-Oil-Well-BB1006.htm) In the early l900s, 27-year-old Walter B. Pyron, of Blossom, Texas, a production foreman for Guffy Oil Company, noticed gas bubbles rising from Caddo Lake. He and other Guffy employees rowed across the lake, lighting strings of the bubbles.

Confident that oil and gas lay beneath the lake, Pyron wrote to his superiors recommending that 8,000 acres of lake bottom be leased at an auction being held by the federal government at Mooringsport, Louisiana, near Ferry Lake, the Louisiana side of Caddo Lake.

He told them he was sure his men were capable of drilling and completing a well in the lake, using crude tools and wood timbers.

On the day of the auction, Pyron had no reply, but he went to Mooringsport for the auction.

Fifteen minutes before the auction he still had no answer, but Pyron found a crank-style telephone and talked to his superiors at Gulf Oil Corporation--the successor of Guffy Petroleum Company--in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. They were dubious, but Pyron was persistent, and time was passing.

A minute and a half before noon--the time set for the bidding--Pyron won Gulf's approval and raced to the auction site. He was just in time and bid the lake bottom for $30,000 down and $70,000 in royalty agreements.

Seldom has an oil property been obtained for so little money at an auction sale. The problem of drilling over water had stumped other bidders, but not Pyron.

In early May, 1911, after months of hard work and battles with mosquitoes, alligators and moccasins, the Ferry Lake No. 1 was drilled to a depth of 2,185 and began producing 450 barrels of oil a day.

The oil was piped to tank farms on the shore and then transferred to a system of gathering pipelines.

In Pyron's days, offshore wells were called "over water" wells and a special platform had to be built on Ferry Lake. A crew felled cypress trees on the shore and drove the trunks into the lake for pilings for the platform. A slush pit was also made of wood.

To support the drilling platform, the crew assembled a floating pile driver, three tugboats, ten barges and 36 small boats, bringing them to the lake by way of the Gulf Coast, the Mississippi River and the Red River.

One storm scattered the equipment and crews so thoroughly that it took weeks to reassemble them. Altogether, it was two years from the day of the auction to the time drilling began on the lake.

Tempers flared so much on the project that one driller quit on the spot, dived into the lake and swam to shore, preferring the snakes and alligators to his tough crew boss.

Watching his driller churn the water, the boss calmed down and went after the driller in a boat. When he reached the man, the boss spoke in a calmer voice, but said: "All right, now go into town, get some dry clothes, and hurry back. We've lost too damned much time."

While Pyron's achievement is recognized by a historical marker erected in 1994 at Mooringsport, it has never had the wider recognition it deserves. Some historians feel the first offshore wells were in California, but they were actually drilled on the shore and slanted into the Pacific Ocean.

Pyron went on to become a vice-president of Gulf and was instrumental in the discovery and development of Kuwait's oil field. He also served as a brigadier general during World War II.

He died in 1951 and is buried at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio.

La primera "sobre el agua" pozo de petróleo (http://www.texasescapes.com/AllThingsHistorical/First-Over-Water-Oil-Well-BB1006.htm) En los primeros l900s, de 27 años de edad, Walter B. Pyron, de Blossom, Texas, un capataz de producción para Guffy Oil Company, notó burbujas de gas que se levanta del lago Caddo. Él y otros empleados Guffy llevaba al otro lado del lago, iluminando las cadenas de las burbujas.

Seguros de que el petróleo y gas yacían en el lago, Pyron escribió a sus superiores que recomienda que 8.000 hectáreas de fondo del lago se alquilan en una subasta que se celebra por el gobierno federal en Mooringsport, Louisiana, cerca de Ferry Lake, al lado del lago Caddo Louisiana.

Les dijo que estaba seguro de que sus hombres eran capaces de perforación y terminación de un pozo en el lago, con herramientas rudimentarias y vigas de madera.

En el día de la subasta, Pyron no tenía respuesta, pero se fue a Mooringsport para la subasta.

Quince minutos antes de la subasta aún no tenía respuesta, pero Pyron encontró un teléfono de tipo manivela y habló con sus superiores en el Gulf Oil Corporation - el sucesor de Guffy Petroleum Company - en Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. Ellos eran dudosos, pero Pyron era persistente, y el tiempo pasaba.

Un minuto y medio antes del mediodía - el tiempo establecido para la licitación - Pyron ganaron la aprobación del Golfo y corrieron hacia el sitio de subastas. Llegó justo a tiempo y la oferta del fondo del lago por 30.000 dólares y hasta 70.000 dólares en acuerdos de regalías.

Rara vez se ha obtenido la propiedad del petróleo por tan poco dinero en una subasta. El problema de la perforación sobre el agua había dejado perplejos a otros oferentes, pero no Pyron.

A principios de mayo de 1911, después de meses de duro trabajo y las batallas con los mosquitos, caimanes y mocasines, el Ferry Lake N º 1 fue perforado a una profundidad de 2185 y comenzó a producir 450 barriles de petróleo por día.

El aceite se canaliza a las granjas de tanques en la orilla y luego se transfiere a un sistema de tuberías de recolección.

En los días de Pyron, pozos marinos se llama "sobre el agua" pozos y una plataforma especial tuvo que ser construida en el Lago Ferry. Un equipo derribó árboles de ciprés en la orilla y se dirigió a los troncos en el lago de pilotes para la plataforma. Un pozo de lodo también era de madera.

Para apoyar la plataforma de perforación, el equipo reunió a un martinete flotante, tres remolcadores, barcazas diez y 36 pequeñas embarcaciones, con lo que el lago a través de la costa del Golfo, el río Mississippi y el río Rojo.

Una tormenta dispersó los equipos y tripulaciones tan a fondo que tardó semanas para volver a unirlos. En total, se trataba de dos años a partir del día de la subasta a la perforación tiempo comenzaron en el lago.

Los ánimos se encendieron tanto en el proyecto que una taladradora dejó en el lugar, se zambulló en el lago y nadó hasta la orilla, prefiriendo las serpientes y los cocodrilos a su jefe duro tripulación.
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Author:

Manuel Vega Velazquez
Distinguish Gold
Member

Latitude: 32° 42' 22" N, Longitude: 93° 55' 3" W see »

Location: United States

Type: Country:
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