Acrocorinth, Greece

14 votes
Taken the 16/08/09
Courses of roughly dressed polygonal masonry allow us to suppose that the Acrocorinth was fortified as early as the time of Kypselid tyranny (late 7th c.-early 8th c. BC). The surviving parts of the ancient fortifications, however, which are at many points beneath the medieval enceinte, belong mainly to the 4th c. BC. In 146 BC, Mummius (http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mummius ) destroyed the fortifications of the lower city and acropolis. The destroyed sections were subsequently reconstructed from the same ancient material in Late Roman times.

During the Middle Ages, the Acrocorinth was of prime importance for the defence of the entire Peloponnese, and held out against the attacks of the barbarians. The Byzantines sporadically repaired the walls, especially aftre hostile raids(by the Slavs, Normans and others) and added new fortifications on the west side of the fortress.

In 1240, after a five-year siege, the Acrocorinth was captured by Otto de la Roche (http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_de_la_Roche ) and Geoffrey I Villehardouin (http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geoffrey_I_of_Villehardouin ), and was incorporated in the Frankish principate of Achaea. In the middle of this century, William Villehardouin (http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_II_Villehardouin ) extended the fortifications of the fortress, to be followed in this by Angevin prince John Gravina (http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_of_Gravina ) at the beginning of the 14th c. In 1358 the Acrocorinth passed to the Florentine banker Niccolo Acciajuoli (http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niccolo_Acciajuoli ), and in 1394 to Theodoros I Palaiologos (http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodore_I_Palaiologos ), despot of Mystras. Apart from a brief occupation by the Knights of Rhodes (http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knights_of_Rhodes ) from 1400-1404, the fortress was to remain in Byzantine hands until 1458, when it was captured by the Ottoman Turks. The Venetians made themselves masters of the Acrocorinth from 1687 to 1715, after which it reverted once more to the Turks, until the Greek Uprising (http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_War_of_Independence ) of 1821.

The approach to the fortress is from the west side. The walls have an irregular shape, which was dictated by the form of the terrain and remained the same in general terms from Classical period to modern times. Three successive zones of fortifications, with three imposing gateways, lead to the interior of the fortress. The fact that the same material was used for extensions or repairs to the walls frequently makes it difficult to distinguish the building phases or assign a date to them.

Within the third enclosure wall on the Acrocorinth are to be found monuments of all periods: at the highest point, the sanctuary of Aphrodite with an early Christian basilica on its ruins (not visible from here), the fountain of Ano Perien, Byzantine cisternes, the Frankish tower, a Venetian church, mosques, Turkish houses and fountains.

It is citation from tourist leaflet obtained at the entrance.

The easiest way to reach the Acrocorinth is to take taxi from modern Corinth (13 euros).
Continue reading +

Author:

Andrew Varlamov
Distinguish Silver
Member

Latitude: 37° 53' 29" N, Longitude: 22° 52' 15" E see »

Location: Corinth, Greece

Panoramas by Andrew Varlamov Silver

Type: Country:
Map List

Tribute to Botticelli

sphere
21 votes

Example of sticker art inspired by "The Birth of Venus" ( Nascita di Venere ) - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Birth_of_Venus_(Botticelli)

Timber Square (Trg od Drva) and Grubonja Palace

sphere
21 votes

Grubonja Palace is decorated with a coat of arms of the old Kotor pharmacy, founded in 1326 year. Next to the Grubonja Palace on Timber Square is a...

The Raphael Loggias (late 1780s)

sphere
20 votes

Commissioned by Empress Catherine II in the late 1780s, the Raphael Loggias are the exact copy of the Gallery in the Papal Palace in Vatican City....

Metro station ”Mezhdunarodnaya” (2012)

sphere
20 votes

Author of mosaics is Alexander Bystrov ( www.rah.ru/the_academy_today/the_members_of_the_academie/member.php?ID=17535 ).

Manor of Averkiy Kirillov (1657)

sphere
20 votes

Cathedral of Christ the Saviour ( www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cathedral_of_Christ_the_Saviour ) is visible on the opposite bank of the Moscow river.

Pavlovsk Park in winter

sphere
20 votes

Lion's Bridge

sphere
20 votes

Lion's Bridge is a 28-meter-long pedestrian bridge over the Griboedov Canal in Saint Petersburg.

Faro di Murano

sphere
20 votes

Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta and church of Santa Fosca

sphere
20 votes

The Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta is Venice's first cathedral. Campanile of the cathedral was built in XI century and is 55 metres high. In...

Panels by Oksana Mas in Campo San Stae

sphere
20 votes

Oksana Mas presented her mosaic panel called "Post vs Proto-Renaissance" at the 54th Venice Biennale. The artwork was displayed from June 4, 2011...

Autumn in Pavlovsk Park

sphere
20 votes

This part of the Pavlovsk Park was planned by Pietro Gonzaga ( www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pietro_Gonzaga ). Wikipedia reports - He made dramatic...

Galleria Sciarra

sphere
20 votes

In the late 1880s, Prince Maffeo Sciarra, owner of prime property near the Trevi fountain ( www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trevi_fountain ),...

The Church of the Epiphany in Winter

sphere
20 votes

It is one of the famous architectural and painting monuments of the 17th century in Yaroslavl. It was erected in 1684-1693 by order of and with...

Vasilievsky Fire Department building

sphere
20 votes

Architect of this red brick tower and building is Vladimir Grigorievich Shalamov (1836-1887).

Venetian Military Barracks near South Gate

sphere
15 votes

South Gate (also called Gurdić Gate), was once hardened with three belts of gateways. It testifies that this gate was very important for the town....

Metro station ”Sportivnaya”

sphere
14 votes

The station was named "Sportivnaya" because of its close proximity to the Petrovskiy Stadium, the home stadium of the city's home football team and...

Acrocorinth, Greece

sphere
14 votes

Courses of roughly dressed polygonal masonry allow us to suppose that the Acrocorinth was fortified as early as the time of Kypselid tyranny (late...

Basilica di Sant'Ambrogio

sphere
13 votes

Via Ghibellina near the Bargello Palace

sphere
13 votes

Campanile of Badìa Fiorentina ( www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Badia_Fiorentina ) is visible at the end of Via Ghibellina.

pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >> >|
View all the authors » Find out more about Andrew Varlamov »