Amasra Pier

5 votes
Taken the 12/08/09
Amasra (pop. 7000; anciently called Amastris; Ἄμαστρις, gen.: Ἀμάστριδος in Greek) is a small Black Sea port town in the Bartın Province, Turkey. The town is today much appreciated for its beaches and natural setting, which has made tourism the most important activity for its inhabitants.
Amasra has two islands: the bigger one is called Büyük ada (Great Island) while the smaller one is called Tavsan adası (Rabbit Island).

History
Situated in the ancient region of Paphlagonia, the original city seems to have been called Sesamus, and it is mentioned by Homer in conjunction with Cytorus. Stephanus says that it was originally called Cromna; but in another place, where he repeats the statement, he adds, as it is said; but some say that Cromna is a small place in the territory of Amastris, which is the true account. The place derived its name Amastris from Amastris, the niece of the last Persian king Darius III, who was the wife of Dionysius, tyrant of Heraclea, and after his death the wife of Lysimachus. Four small Ionian colonies, Sesamus, Cytorus, Cromna, also mentioned in the Iliad, and Tium, were combined by Amastris, after her separation from Lysimachus, to form the new community of Amastris, placed on a small river of the same name and occupying a peninsula. Tium, says Strabo, soon detached itself from the community, but the rest kept together, and Sesamus was the acropolis of Amastris. From this it appears that Amastris was really a confederation or union of three places, and that Sesamus was the name of the city on the peninsula. This may explain the fact that Mela mentions Sesamus and Cromna as cities of Paphlagonia, and does not mention Amastris.
The territory of Amastris produced a great quantity of boxwood, which grew on Mount Cytorus. Its tyrant Eumenes presented the city of Amastris to Ariobarzanes of Pontus in c. 265–260 BC rather than submit it to domination by Heraclea, and it remained in the Pontic kingdom until its capture by Lucius Lucullus in 70 BC in the second Mithridatic War. The younger Pliny, when he was governor of Bithynia and Pontus, describes Amastris, in a letter to Trajan, as a handsome city, with a very long open place (platea), on one side of which extended what was called a river, but in fact was a filthy, pestilent, open drain. Pliny obtained the emperor's permission to cover over this sewer. On a coin of the time of Trajan, Amastris has the title Metropolis. It continued to be a town of some note to the seventh century of our era.
The city was not abandoned in Byzantine Era, when the acropolis was transformed into a fortress and the still surviving church was built. It was sacked by the Rus during the First Russo-Byzantine War in the 830s. But it was in 1261 that Amastris regained part of its former importance; in that year the town was taken by the Italian city-state of Genoa in its bid to obtain sole control of the Black Sea trade. Genoese domination ended in 1460 when the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II conquered the whole Anatolian shores of the Black Sea, forcing its inhabitants to move to Istanbul. The Greeks were replaced with Turkish villagers and the church became a mosque, the town losing most of its former importance.

Features
With its rich architectural heritage, Amasra is a member of the Norwich-based European Association of Historic Towns and Regions

Amasra. (2010, January 4). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 18:01, January 20, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amasra&;oldid=335752544
Continue reading +

Author:

Ugur Akbulut

Latitude: 41° 44' 51" N, Longitude: 32° 23' 52" E see »

Location: Turkey

Panoramas by Ugur Akbulut

Type:
Map List

Amasra Breakwater Graffiti 1

sphere
14 votes

Amasra (pop. 7000; anciently called Amastris; Ἄμαστρις, gen.: Ἀμάστριδος in Greek) is a small Black Sea port town in the Bartın Province, Turkey....

Uzungol, Serah Village 1

sphere
2 votes

Uzungöl (English: Long lake) is lake situated to the south of the city of Trabzon in Turkey. Over the years it has become a major tourist...

Island Tower Overview

cylinder
1 votes

Büyükada (meaning "Big Island" in Turkish; Greek: Πρίγκηπος, pr. Prinkipos: also Prinkipo, meaning "Prince" or "Foremost") is the largest of the...

Çiftlikyolu Street Around (Çiftlikyolu Sokak Civari)

sphere
11 votes

Safranbolu is a town and district of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. Its location can be roughly described as about two hundred...

Kent Tarihi Müzesi

sphere
1 votes

Safranbolu is a town and district of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. Its location can be roughly described as about two hundred...

Lütfiye Camii Sokak (Lütfiye Mosque Street)

sphere
1 votes

Safranbolu is a town and district of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. Its location can be roughly described as about two hundred...

Çiçekler Evi (Flowers House)

cylinder
11 votes

Safranbolu Karabük-Turkey

Safranbolu Clocktower

cylinder
2 votes

Safranbolu is a town and district of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. Its location can be roughly described as about two hundred...

Cinci Bath (Cinci Hamami)

cylinder
1 votes

Safranbolu Karabük-Turkey

Amasra Pier

cylinder
5 votes

Amasra (pop. 7000; anciently called Amastris; Ἄμαστρις, gen.: Ἀμάστριδος in Greek) is a small Black Sea port town in the Bartın Province, Turkey....

The Sümela Monastery III (Sümela Manastırı)

cylinder
22 votes

The Sümela Monastery Turkish: Sümela Manastırı) stands at the foot of a steep cliff facing the Altındere valley in the region of Maçka in Trabzon...

The Sümela Monastery II (Sümela Manastırı)

sphere
11 votes

The Sümela Monastery Turkish: Sümela Manastırı) stands at the foot of a steep cliff facing the Altındere valley in the region of Maçka in Trabzon...

Amisos Hill

sphere
40 votes

Samsun, Amisos

Coast Road Trabzon

sphere
20 votes

Trabzon is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast. Located in a strategically important region, Trabzon is one of the oldest trade port cities...

Ordu, Peak of Boztepe

sphere
21 votes

Ordu is a province of Turkey, located on the Black Sea coast. Its adjacent provinces are Samsun to the northwest, Tokat to the southwest, Sivas to...

Kalegüney Castle

sphere
32 votes

The name Beşikdüzü is composed of two Turkish words, namely beşik, "a cradle" and düzü, "a plain". There is a mountain may be strato volcano called...

Safranbolu View From Hasandede Rocks

sphere
10 votes

Safranbolu is a town and district of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. Its location can be roughly described as about two hundred...

Enterance The Sümela Monastery

sphere
30 votes

The Sümela Monastery Turkish: Sümela Manastırı) stands at the foot of a steep cliff facing the Altındere valley in the region of Maçka in Trabzon...

Hapsiyas Brick Bridge

sphere
31 votes

Uzungöl Macka-Trabzon

Shoemaker Master Nami

sphere
32 votes

Safranbolu - Karabük

pages: 1 2 3
View all the authors » Find out more about Ugur Akbulut »