Saint Paul's Cathedral, London, UK

71 votos
St Paul's Cathedral is an Anglican  cathedral  on Ludgate Hill, the highest point in the City of London, and is the seat of the Bishop of London. The present building dates from the 17th century and was designed by Sir Christopher Wren. It is generally reckoned to be London's fifth St Paul's Cathedral, all having been built on the same site since 604 A.D. The cathedral is one of London's most famous and most recognizable sights. At 365 feet (111m) high, it was the tallest building in London from 1710 to 1962, and its dome is also among the highest in the world, St Peter's Basilica in Rome being higher. The Monument to the Great Fire of London, also designed by Wren and the tallest doric column in the world, would fit inside the cathedral's interior.

The cathedral is built of Portland stone in a late Renaissance style that represents England's sober Baroque. Its impressive dome was inspired by St Peter's Basilica in Rome. It rises 365 feet (108 m) to the cross at its summit, making it a famous London landmark.  Wren achieved a pleasing appearance by building three domes: the tall outer dome is non-structural but impressive to view, the lower inner dome provides an artistically balanced interior, and between the two is a structural cone that supports the apex structure and the outer dome. Wren was said to have been hauled up to the rafters in a basket during the building of its later stages to inspect progress.

The nave has three small chapels in the two adjoining aisles – All Souls and St Dunstan's in the north aisle and the Chapel of the Order of St Michael and St George in the south aisle. The main space of the cathedral is centred under the inner dome, which rises 108.4 metres from the cathedral floor and holds three circular galleries – the internal Whispering Gallery, the external Stone Gallery, and the external Golden Gallery.

The Whispering Gallery runs around the interior of the dome 99 feet (30.2 m) above the cathedral floor. It is reached by 259 steps from ground level. It gets its name because, as with any dome, a whisper against its wall at any point is audible to a listener with an ear held to the wall at any other point around the gallery. A low murmur is equally audible.

The base of the inner dome is 173 feet (53.4 m) above the floor. Its top is about 65 m above the floor, making this the greatest height of the enclosed space. The cathedral is some 574 feet (175 m) in length (including the portico of the Great West Door), of which 223 feet (68 m) is the nave and 167 feet (51 m) is the choir. The width of the nave is 121 feet (37 m) and across the transepts is 246 feet (75 m). The cathedral is thus slightly shorter but somewhat wider than Old St Paul's.

The quire extends to the east of the dome and holds the stalls for the clergy and the choir and the organ. To the north and south of the dome are the transepts, here called the North Choir and the South Choir.

Details of the towers at the west end (illustration, left) and their dark voids are boldly scaled, in order to read well from the street below and from a distance, for the towers have always stood out in the urban skyline. They are composed of two complementary elements, a central cylinder rising through the tiers in a series of stacked drums, and paired Corinthian columns at the corners, with buttresses above them, which serve to unify the drum shape with the square block plinth containing the clock. The main entablature breaks forward over the paired columns to express both elements, tying them together in a single horizontal band. The cap, like a bell-shaped miniature dome, supports a gilded finial, a pine cone supported on four scrolling angled brackets, the topmost expression of the consistent theme.

The north-west tower contains 13 bells hung for change ringing while the south-west contains four, including Great Paul, at 16½ tons - the largest bell in the British Isles, cast in 1881, and Great Tom (the hour bell), recast twice, the last time by Richard Phelps, after being moved from St. Stephen's Chapel at the Palace of Westminster. The bell is only rung on occasions of a death in the royal family, the Bishop of London, or London's mayor, although an exception was made at the death of US President James Garfield. In 1717, Richard Phelps cast two more bells that were added as "quarter jacks". Still in use today, the first weighs 13 long hundredweights (1,500 lb; 660 kg), is 41 inches (1,000 mm) in diameter and is tuned to A flat; the second weighs 35 long hundredweights (3,900 lb; 1,800 kg) and is 58 inches (1,500 mm) in diameter and is tuned to E flat.
Continuar leyendo +

Latitud: 51° 30' 49" N, Longitud: -0° 6' 0" E ver »

Lugar: City of London, United Kingdom

Tipo: País:
Mapa Lista

The Atrium at the British Museum (aka The Great Court)

esfera
40 votos

It's official name is the Queen Elizabeth II Great Court and it was designed by Sir Norman Foster. It covers two acres, making it the largest...

Por John Michael Leslie

St. Pancras Railway Station, London

esfera
30 votos

St. Pancras was extensively renovated between 2001-2007 at a cost of £800 million (in no small part as it's the London terminus for the Eurostar...

Por John Michael Leslie

Camden Lock Market - the bottom of Hampstead Road Lock

esfera
20 votos

Okay, so you can't strictly (or in any way) see Camden Lock Market from here... but Hampstead Road Lock is actually the Lock beside the Market,...

Por John Michael Leslie

The British Museum, Main Entrance

esfera
20 votos

It may or may not be the most famous Museum in the World, but it's up there... in addition to the contents the building is pretty impressive too....

Por John Michael Leslie

Oxford from the cupola of the Sheldonian

esfera
20 votos

Well, just as the title says. The Sheldonia theatre has one of those small cupolas at the top which is about 3m in diameter. On that day it was HOT...

Por Bernd Kronmueller

National Gallery from Trafalgar Square including Nelson's Column, Fountains and Lions

esfera
11 votos

This was taken on the North Side of Trafalgar Square looking up the steps to the National Gallery. Nelson's Column, the Lions and the Fountains can...

Por John Michael Leslie

Battle of Britain Memorial, looking across the River Thames to the London Eye

esfera
11 votos

This is the memorial to those who took part in the Battle of Britain during World War II. Across the River Thames the London Eye sits to the left...

Por John Michael Leslie

Buckingham Palace, from in front of the Victoria Memorial

esfera
11 votos

I don't think Buckingham Palace needs all the much said about it. The Victoria Memorial is the Gold Status which is dedicated to Queen Victoria,...

Por John Michael Leslie

Covent Garden is Falling Down

esfera
10 votos

Okay, not quite, British artist Alex Chinneck has extended the popular street performer meme of someone appearing to sit in thin air to a whole...

Por John Michael Leslie

Camden Lock Market - Bronze Horses in the Stables Market

esfera
10 votos

Technically this is probably as far as I'm going, and I may not go this far again for a while, if ever. Anyway here you go for Christmas, 32 images...

Por John Michael Leslie

Oxford circus by night

esfera
10 votos

360 shot by night during the Diamond jubilee Queen Elizabeth II in June 2013

Por Romain Rocher

Hungerford Bridge over the River Thames, view upstream at a quiet moment

esfera
2 votos

Hungerford Bridge in Central London was (and still is) a Railway Bridge, but has had Foot Bridges added on both sides, giving a choice of view as...

Por John Michael Leslie

Hungerford Bridge over the River Thames, view upstream at a busy moment

esfera
22 votos

Hungerford Bridge in Central London was (and still is) a Railway Bridge, but has had Foot Bridges added on both sides, giving a choice of view as...

Por John Michael Leslie

Waterloo Bridge, London, plus many sights including the London Eye, Cleopatra's Needle, St Pauls, The Royal Festival Hall and Westminster

esfera
10 votos

There's a lot to see in this, in almost every direction, I'm almost afraid to start listing it... Upstream there is the London Eye, Hungerford...

Por John Michael Leslie

Victoria and Albert Museum London, the Garden

esfera

The V&A is the World's largest museum for decorative art and design, with over 4.5 million objects (not all of which are on display at any one...

Por John Michael Leslie

Millennium Bridge, London

esfera

The Millennium Bridge crosses the River Thames between St. Paul's Cathedral and the Tate Modern Art Museum. Looking around many sites can be seen,...

Por John Michael Leslie

Chapter House, Westminster Abbey, London

esfera

(From English Heritage) Built by the royal masons in 1250, the Chapter House of Westminster Abbey was originally used in the 13th century by...

Por John Michael Leslie

London from Primrose Hill

esfera

The view looking out over London from Primrose Hill, which is just to the North of Regents Park. You can see many notable London landmarks,...

Por John Michael Leslie

Under the Clock at St. Pancras Railway Station, London

esfera

For those that followed the hint to look under the clock in my original St. Pancras Panorama...

Por John Michael Leslie

páginas: 1 2 3 4