Königstein Fortress (Saxony, Germany)

60 votes
Königstein Fortress (German: Festung Königstein), the "Saxon Bastille", is a mountaintop fortress near Dresden, in Saxon Switzerland, Germany, near the town of Königstein. The fortress, which for centuries was used as a state prison and which is still intact, is one of Saxony's foremost tourist attractions, with 700,000 visitors per year.
The first reference to a castle at Königstein is from 1241. At that time the region was split between the Kingdom of Bohemia and the Bishopric of Meissen. To delimit the boundary running between the two states, King Wenceslaus I established the castle which controlled the Elbe valley above Pirna.
View from Königstein Fortress, looking down onto the Elbe and the town of Königstein
A castle since the mid-13th century situated on a prominent isolated rock in the "Saxon Switzerland" region, it originally belonged to the Kings of Bohemia, passing in 1408 to the Dukes of Saxony. Between 1516 and 1524, it included a monastery (belonging to the Celestines), but it always remained a stronghold and a fortress with its own garrison; the fortifications were always updated and enlarged to meet the latest requirements of arms technology.
Because Königstein Fortress was regarded as unconquerable, the Saxon monarchs retreated to it from Wittenberg and later Dresden during times of crisis and also deposited the state treasure and many works of art from the famous Zwinger here; it was also used as a country retreat due to its lovely surroundings. The Königstein also became the state prison until 1922 for the most important prisoners...
Königstein was never taken, not even during World War II. However, on April 17, 1942, French General Henri Giraud successfully escaped German captivity from the castle.

Information cited from http://en.wikipedia.org/
Continue reading +

Auteur:

Zbigniew Pilip
Distinguish Silver
Member

Latitude: 50° 55' 4" N, Longitude: 14° 3' 25" E see »

Localisation: Königstein, Germany

Panoramas by Zbigniew Pilip Silver

Type: Country:
Map List

On the slopes of Buczynowa Stażnica, High Tatra, Poland

sphere
2 votes

Climbing from Five Lakes VAlley to the  Krzyżne Pass is an opportunity to have a look on one of the most butiful landscapes in Polisch High Tatra...

Small Lake in the Five Lakes Valley, Polish High Tatra Mountains, Poland, Europe

sphere
11 votes

Five lLkes Valley is one of the most beautiful Valleys in Polish High Tatra Mountains. It is sorounded from tree sides with the tops over 2000 m...

Chapel of the Assumption of Mary in the Divine Tower in Krasiczyn Castle, Poland

sphere

Located on the Przemyśl – Sanok route, near a crossing of the San River, the castle in Krasiczyn is one of the most magnificent and impressive...

In the courtyard of the castle in Krasiczyn, Poland

sphere
10 votes

Castle Krasiczynie is located on the rooute Przemyśl - Sanok , near the crossing of the San river. It is one of the most beautiful monuments of...

On the Kasprowy Wierch. Tatra Mountains, Poland

sphere

Kasprowy Wierch (Polish pronunciation: [kasˈprɔvɨ ˈvjɛrx]) or Kasprov vrch (in Slovak) is a mountain in the Western Tatras. From 1910 onwards...

On the ridge of Polonina Carynska, Bieszczady Mountains, Poland

sphere
20 votes

Połonina Caryńska (Berehowska) - one of the pastures in the Bieszczady mountain range located between the valleys Prowczy and Wołosate where lie...

Somewhere on the trail between Tarnica and Wołosate, Bieszczady Mountains, Poland

sphere

Tarnica is the highest peak in the Bieszczady Mountains. Its height is 1 346 m above sea level. Tarnica slot and Halicz pastures at the end of the...

On the side of Tarnica top, Bieszczady Mountains, Poland

sphere
11 votes

Tarnica is the highest peak of bieszczady Mountains, placed in the south-eastern part of Poland, near to the Ukrainian border. Its height is 1,346...

Szeroki Wierch, Bieszczady Montains, Poland

sphere

Broad Peak is the western edge of the group Tarnica from its highest peak is separated by a small pass (1275 m). It is an elongated ridge meadows...

Main market, Bautzen, Germany

sphere
10 votes

Bautzen (German pronunciation: [ˈbaʊtsən]; Upper Sorbian: Budyšin [ˈbudɨʃin]; Lower Sorbian: Budyšyn [ˈbudɨʃɨn], Czech: Budyšín, Polish: Budziszyn)...

Procession of Princes, Dresden, Germany

sphere
32 votes

The Fürstenzug (English: Procession of Princes) in Dresden, Germany, is a large mural of a mounted procession of the rulers of Saxony. It was...

On the terrace of the Zwinger, Dresden, Germany

sphere
40 votes

The Zwinger (Der Dresdner Zwinger) is a palace in Dresden, eastern Germany, built in Baroque style. It served as the orangery, exhibition gallery...

Zwinger courtyard, Dresden, Germany

sphere
20 votes

The Zwinger (Der Dresdner Zwinger) is a palace in Dresden, eastern Germany, built in Baroque style. It served as the orangery, exhibition gallery...

Czocha (Tzschocha) castle, Poland

sphere
30 votes

Czocha castle - fortified castle located in the border town of Sucha, by Lesna Lagoon on Kwisa in the Polish part of Upper Lusatia. The original...

Trzni Kolonada - Karlove Vary, Czech Republik

sphere
31 votes

The settlement called Vary (Boiling Water) was founded around 1350. Town owes its present name the Roman Emperor Charles IV (1355-1378), who stayed...

On the slope of Sniezka Montain (Schneekoppe) in Giant Mountains (Karkonosze), Poland

sphere
20 votes

Śnieżka or Sněžka  (in Polish and Czech, Schneekoppe in German) is a mountain on the border between the Czech Republic and Poland, the most...

Cauldron of Small Ponds (Kocioł Małego Stawu) in Giant Mountains (Karkonosze), Poland

sphere
30 votes

Small Pond is the second largest and most picturesque pond in the Sudeten Mountains. The lake is at the height of 1183 m above sea...

Snowy Pits (Śnieżne Kotły,Schneegruben) in Giant Mountains (Karkonosze), Poland

sphere
30 votes

Śnieżne Kotły (1,175 m (3,855 ft), Czech: Sněžné jámy, German: Schneegruben) are two glacial cirques in the western Krkonoše mountains (Giant...

Bastei (Bastion) near Niederrathen, Saxon Switzerland National Park, Germany

sphere
20 votes

The Bastei is a spectacular rock formation towering 194 metres above the Elbe River in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains of Germany. Reaching a height...

Georgenburg in Königstein Fortress, Saxon Switzerland, Germany

sphere
30 votes

Königstein Fortress (German: Festung Königstein), the "Saxon Bastille", is a mountaintop fortress near Dresden, in Saxon Switzerland, Germany,...

pages: 1 2 3 4
Voir tous les auteurs » Find out more about Zbigniew Pilip »