Coast Road Trabzon

20 glos(y)(ów)
Data panografii 18.08.2009
Trabzon is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast. Located in a strategically important region, Trabzon is one of the oldest trade port cities in Anatolia. It has a population of 1,061,055 (2006 est). Neighbouring provinces are Giresun to the west, Gümüşhane to the southwest, Bayburt to the southeast and Rize to the east. The provincial capital is Trabzon city, and the traffic code is 61. The province is home to a small community of Muslim Pontic Greek-speakers.

Trabzon province is divided into 18 districts:
Akçaabat
Araklı
Arsin
Beşikdüzü
Çarşıbaşı
Çaykara
Dernekpazarı
Düzköy
Hayrat
Köprübaşı
Maçka
Of
Şalpazarı
Sürmene
Tonya
Trabzon
Vakfıkebir
Yomra
Districts along the 114 km coastline (from West to East): Beşikdüzü, Vakfıkebir, Çarşıbaşı, Akçaabat, Yomra, Arsin, Araklı, Sürmene and Of.
Districts inland: Tonya, Düzköy, Şalpazarı, Maçka, Köprübaşı, Dernekpazarı, Hayrat and Çaykara.
Beşikdüzü and Şalpazarı gained district status in 1988, Çarşıbaşı, Düzköy, Köprübaşı, Dernekpazarı and Hayrat in 1990.

History
Remarkably attractive throughout its history, Trabzon was the subject of hundreds of travel books by western travellers, some of whom had named it "city of tale in the East" The capital city Trabzon was founded, as Trapezus, by Greek colonists from Sinope, modern Sinop, Turkey. Starting from the 9th century BC, the city had also been mentioned by historians such as Homeros, Herodotus, Hesiodos. The first written source regarding Trabzon is Anabasis, authored by Xenophon. An important Roman and Byzantine centre, it was the capital of the Empire of Trebizond from 1204 to 1461. Trabzon was subsequently made part of the Ottoman Empire by Mehmet the Conqueror. It was initially a sanjak before gaining the status of eyalet, and finally became a vilayet in 1868. After the region was conquered in 1461, Fatih Medrese (1462), Hatuniye Medrese (1515), İskenderpaşa Medrese (1529) and Hamzapaşa Medrese (1543) were established as important educational centers of the period .
The province was a site of major fighting between Ottoman and Russian forces during the Caucasus Campaign of World War I, which resulted in the capture of the city of Trabzon by the Russian army under command of Grand Duke Nicholas and Nikolai Yudenich in April 1916. The province reverted to Turkish control in 1918 following the end of the war.

Trabzon Province. (2010, January 5). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14:16, January 17, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trabzon_Province&;oldid=335984396
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Autor:

Ugur Akbulut

Szerokosc geograficzna: 41° 0' 40" N, Dlugosc geograficzna: 39° 43' 24" E see »

Lokalizacja: Turkey

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